Al-Rifaie on BBC

AISB Committee member and Research Fellow at Goldsmiths, University of London, Dr Mohammad Majid al-Rifaie was interviewed by the BBC (in Farsi) along with his colleague Mohammad Ali Javaheri Javid on the 6 November 2014. He was a...


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Rose wins the Loebne...

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AISB Convention 2015

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Yasemin Erden on BBC

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Mark Bishop on BBC ...

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AISB YouTube Channel

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Notice

AISB opportunities Bulletin Item

CALL FOR PAPERS: Special issue on Artifact Categorization


-Special issue of 'Review of Philosophy and Psychology' -Guest editors: Massimiliano Carrara and Daria Mingardo


How do we decide that a certain item is a chair? How do we establish that objects as diverse as a 
throne, a glider and a papasan chair may all be categorized as chairs? More generally, how do we 
categorize artifacts?

The topic of artifact categorization has recently attracted the attention of both philosophers and 
psychologists. However, these two communities have so far carried out their studies in a rather 
independent way. The aim of this special issue is to promote an interdisciplinary approach on 
artifactcategorization.

In the recent literature, philosophers on the one hand tend to argue that we categorize chairs and 
pens, smartphones and cars on the basis of one fundamental property: some think that such 
fundamental property is the artifact?s function (e.g. Kornblith, Dennett, Rudder Baker), others 
the designer?s intentions (e.g. Vaesen and van Amerongen), others still a combination of structural
properties and function (e.g. Houkes and Vermaas). On the other hand, the conflicting results of 
psychological experiments on artifact categorization (e.g. Rips, Malt and Johnson, Ahn, Chaigneau 
et al) seem to press either to adopt much more nuanced positions, or to straightforwardly conclude 
that no coherent account of artifact categorization can be given (Malt and Sloman). A significant 
exception to these attitudes in the psychological literature is Bloom, for whom we categorize 
artifacts on the basis of intended category membership.

The present issue invites contributions that integrate existing results and purport to move 
forward the discussion on artifact categorization. We welcome contributions capable of enhancing 
interdisciplinary discussion, e.g. theoretical papers that discuss/critically exploit experimental 
data on artifactcategorization, papers that compare philosophical and experimental methods of 
inquiry on artifactcategorization, and papers that while presenting new empirical findings on the 
topic, suggest how these can address philosophical questions.

Examples of potential topics are (the list is not exhaustive):
- According to e.g. Malt and Sloman, we categorize artifacts in many different ways, depending on 
the cognitive task we are involved in. But is there a way of categorizing artifacts that subjects 
consider as fundamental? Can psychological experiments offer an answer to this question? Or is it 
a question that calls for a purely theoretical research?
- Is the category to which an object is intended to belong by the author/designer commonly taken 
into account by the subjects in the categorization tasks? If so, to what extent?
- Do functional criteria prevail over formal ones in the categorization of artifacts? And in any 
case, which type of functional criteria prevail? For instance, do they consist in use functions or 
functions intended by the designer, or in some specification/integration of these two?
- How are we to characterize the ?intended function(s)? of an artefact produced by a complex 
intentional process involving many mental states, including non conscious and non-propositional 
ones?
- From a philosophical point of view, the categorization of artifacts is standardly conceived 
along the prototypical lines offered by the categorization of natural objects and kinds. However, 
it has also been proposed that objects belonging to the same kind of artifact, unlike natural 
objects, do not share a common nature. What do the differences/analogies between (the 
categorization of) artifacts and natural kinds tell us about the semantics of the corresponding 
terms, i.e. of artifact kind terms and natural kind terms?

*Guest Authors**
*The issue will include invited articles authored by:
Susan Gelman (University of Michigan)
Diego Marconi (University of Turin)
Pieter Vermaas (Delft University) and Wybo Houkes (Eindhoven University)

*Important dates**
*Submission deadline: November 15, 2012
Target publication date: March 15, 2013

*How to submit**
*Prospective authors should register at: www.editorialmanager.com/ropp to obtain a login and 
selectArtifact Categorization as an article type.
Manuscripts should be approximately 6,000 words. Submissions should follow the author guidelines 
available on the journal's website.

*About the journal**
*The Review of Philosophy and Psychology (ISSN: 1878-5158; eISSN:
1878-5166) is a peerreviewed journal published quarterly by Springer and focusing on philosophical 
and foundational issues in cognitive science. The aim of the journal is to provide a forum for 
discussion on topics of mutual interest to philosophers and psychologists and to foster 
interdisciplinary research at the crossroads ofphilosophy and the sciences of the mind, including 
the neural, behavioural and social sciences. The journal publishes theoretical works grounded in 
empirical research as well as empirical articles on issues of philosophical relevance. It includes 
thematic issues featuring invited contributions from leading authors together with articles 
answering a call for paper.

*Contact**
*For any queries, please email the guest editors:
massimiliano.carrara@unipd.it, daria.mingardo@unipd.it


--
Massimiliano Carrara,
Department of Philosophy, University of Padua P.zza Capitaniato 3, 35139 Padova (Italy) 
tel. +39 0498274749
fax: +39 0498274701
web:
http://www.filosofia.unipd.it/dipartimento/persone/docenti/carrara-massimiliano#