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Notice

AISB event Bulletin Item

SYMPOSIUM: "Logic & Culture", 8 April 2011, THE NETHERLANDS

http://www.cs.vu.nl/~femke/lc2011.html

Utrecht

We are happy to invite you for the Symposium Logic and Culture organized by the Nederlandse Vereniging
voor Logica and Wijsbegeerte der Exacte Wetenschappen (VVL).

    Symposium Logic & Culture
    Friday April 8, 2011, 11.00--17.00
    Hoog Brabant, Utrecht (http://www.hoogbrabant.nl/)
    http://www.cs.vu.nl/~femke/lc2011.html

The speakers of the Symposium are:

    Dov Gabbay           (King's College London, UK)
    Sara Uckelman        (UvA)
    Michiel Leezenberg   (UvA)
    Henk Barendregt      (RU)

In addition, we will have the general meeting of the VVL. It is possible to participate in the organized
lunch, for which registration is required. 
Please register no later then April 6, 2011, with Ms Caroline Waij (cpwaij@few.vu.nl or 020-5983563).

Please find the full program and abstracts of the lectures below.

Kind regards
Balder ten Cate
Vincent van Oostrom
Femke van Raamsdonk
Elias Thijsse
Rineke Verbrugge

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PROGRAM OF THE SYMPOSIUM LOGIC & CULTURE, APRIL 8 2011

10.30-11.00:   Arrival with Coffee

11.00-12.00:   Speaker: Dov Gabbay (King's College London, UK)
                 Title:   Future Oriented Determination of Entities
                          in Talmudic Logic

12.00-13.00:   Lunch and general meeting

13.00-14.00:   Speaker: Sara Uckelman (UvA)
                 Title:   Logic and Interaction in the Middle Ages

14.00-14.30    Tea and coffee

14.30-15.30    Michiel Leezenberg (UvA)

15.30-16.00    Tea and coffee

16.00-17.00    Speaker: Henk Barendregt (RU)
                 Title: Attention to consciousness and corollaries



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Abstracts of the talks of the Symposium Logic & Culture

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11.00--12.00
Speaker: Dov Gabbay (King's College London, UK)
Title: Future Oriented Determination of Entities in Talmudic Logic

Abstract:
Ordinary dynamic action logics deal with states and actions upon states. The actions can be deterministic or non-deterministic, but it is always assumed that thepossible results of the actions are clear cut. Talmudic logic deals with actions (usually legally meaningful actions which can change the legal status of an entity) which may be not clear cut and need clarifications. The clarification is modelled by public announcement which comes at a later time after the action has taken place. The model is further complicated by the need to know what is the status of formulas at a time before the results of the action is clarified, as we do not know at which state we are in. Talmudic logic treats such states much like the quantum superposition of states and when clarification is available we get a projection onto
   a pure state. The Talmudic lack of clarity of actions arises from applying an action to entities defined using the future, like `Let the man who will win the jackpot in lottery next week be the sole heir in my will now'. We need to wait a week for the situation to clarify. There is also the problem of legal backwards causality, as this man, if indeed he exists, unaware of his possible good fortune, may have himself meanwhile donated all his property to a charity. This paper will offer a model and a logic which can represent faithully the Talmudic reasoning in these matters. We shall also see that we get new types of public announcement and quantum action logics.

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12.00--13.00
Lunch and general meeting
Agenda:
0. Opening
1. Verslag vorige ALV
2. Bestuurssamenstelling
3. Financieen
4. Activiteiten verleden en toekomst
5. Rondvraag
6. Sluiting

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13.00--14.00
Speaker: Sara Uckelman (UvA)
Title: Logic and Interaction in the Middle Ages

Abstract:
Logic is traditionally viewed as a single-person enterprise, with "logician" conjuring up images of an academic sitting alone at his desk, scribbling proofs and theorems on a piece of paper. But recently, there has been a shift in emphasis in logic research from static, monological systems to dynamic, dialogical systems, where logical reasoning is a type of interaction between two or more players in a game. This idea is, however, not new: This interactive approach to logic and inference was the focus of one of the primary innovations of logicians in the High Middle Ages (13th-15th C) in Western Europe. We discuss the role of logic in medieval society, both academic and ecclesiastic, and introduce medieval theories of obligationes, a type of logical disputation game, to illustrate the dialogical and multi-player character of logic in the Middle Ages.

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14.30--15.30
Speaker: Michiel Leezenberg (UvA)
Title: Logic in Islamitic Thought

Abstract: In classical Islamic civilization, logic knew some gifted students, and had ardent supporters as well as fierce opponents. In this contribution, I will briefly discuss the changing character and status of logic in the premodern Muslim world. Peripatetic philosophers made great efforts towards further refining Aristotelian syllogistic; but there was also an anti-Aristotelian undercurrent basing itself on the Stoic-inspired logic that could be found in speculative theology (kal?m) and jurisprudence (fiqh). Inspired by this undercurrent, the twelfth-century thinker Shih?b al-D?n al- Suhraward? developed a notion of `knowledge by presence'(`ilm al-hud?r?'), which displays some intriguing similarities with David Kaplan's notion of direct reference.
I will conclude with some observations of logic's Werdegang in the Muslim world. Conventional wisdom has it that logic, along with philosophy and the natural sciences, disappeared from the Islamic in the thirteenth century at the latest; but in fact, Aristotelian syllogistic continued to be studied by religious scholars for many centuries; and in the Shi-F?ite -A world, it never disappeared at all. Recent research suggests that the demise of interest in logic in the Sunni world is, in fact, of a very recent date.

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16.00--17.00
Henk Barendregt (RU)
Title: Attention to consciousness and corollaries
Abstract: This talk is about what is arguably the essence of Buddhism. Consciousness always has an object and a state.
   Like for Turing Machines, the state is of essential
importance: it determines what is our behaviour, the next object, and next state. There are positive and negative states, depending whether suffering decreases or increases.
Meditation has as goal to improve states, either by increasing positive states (concentration meditation) or by decreasing negative states (insight meditation).
The way to reach this is by increasing attention in the form of concentration, the ability keep focussed on an object, and mindfulness, the ability to know where our attention is. One milestone of insight meditation consists of being able to see that consciousness is a discrete
(pulsating) deterministic process. This goes against our belief in agency, the illusion that we are in control of things. As a result the practitioner precieves fear, danger, and disenchantment. The next milestone, requiring work, is
   to obtain temporary equanimity about the mentioned phenomena.
After that the next milestone, obtained though 'surrendering', is to see that our clinging to agency is unnecessary.
There is nothing to defend, as agency is an illusion.

This has far reaching consequences for our being in the world. It increases peace, with oneself, others and the universe. The reason for this is that without the need to defend the non-existing agency, provides a considerably increased degree of freedom. As further corollaries there are insights in the scientific view on consciousness.
It unifies the Simon-Newell and connectionist views on intelligence. Moreover, it has led to a better understanding of the role of the cerebrospinal fluid for mind states.

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