AISB miscellaneous Bulletin Item
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Science - Theme issue "Models of Natural Action Selection"
Readers of this list may interested in the following theme issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Science, which was published online this month. It will be available in hardcopy for purchase from September. Apologies for multiple postings. Theme Issue on "Models of Natural Action Selection" Editors: Tony J. Prescott, Joanna J. Bryson, Anil K. Seth. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. ISSN: Print: 0962-8436 Online: 1471-2970 http://www.pubs.royalsoc.ac.uk/index.cfm?page=1318 SUMMARY: Action selection, at its simplest, is the problem that every human and animal faces at each instant of "what to do next?". To scientists this problem raises a plethora of further questions: How do we know how to do the right thing? Why is it that we sometimes make poor choices? How do we plan ahead for complex tasks and remember what we are trying to do as we go along? Are there central decision-making mechanisms in the brain or do actions somehow 'select themselves' through the interaction of many concurrent brain processes? What happens when different parts the brain want to do different things? How do the actions selected by individuals shape and change the social groups in which they live? This theme issue addresses these questions by focusing on a particular strategy for finding scientific explanations - computer modelling. The contributions employ state-of-the-art modelling techniques ranging from large networks of simulated brain cells, through to models of individuals (people or animals) viewed as agents operating in simulated worlds. The research has broad applications, from understanding brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, to explaining how we choose which political parties we vote for, and how they adapt to increase their appeal to us. Contents: Introduction. Modelling natural action selection Tony J. Prescott, Joanna J. Bryson, Anil K. Seth http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=t492g1hv6x876027 Do we expect natural selection to produce rational behaviour? Alasdair I. Houston, John M. McNamara, Mark D. Steer http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=376r0758h2535773 The ecology of action selection: Insights from artificial life Anil K. Seth http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=b7552510826h88u5 Compromise strategies for action selection Frederick L. Crabbe http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=k233kl08x105608h Action selection and refinement in subcortical loops through basal ganglia and cerebellum J.C. Houk, C. Bastianen, D. Fansler, et al. http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=w4077317t235g045 Cortical mechanisms of action selection: the affordance competition hypothesis Paul Cisek http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=u80m22400060r56r Towards an executive without a homunculus: computational models of the prefrontal cortex/basal ganglia system Thomas E. Hazy, Michael J. Frank, Randall C. O'Reilly http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=4172u10225l40707 Multilevel structure in behaviour and in the brain: a model of Fuster's hierarchy Matthew M. Botvinick http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=cmp4015726557200 Is there a brainstem substrate for action selection? M.D. Humphries, K. Gurney, T.J. Prescott http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=lh5k330u4v1k8320 Understanding decision-making deficits in neurological conditions: insights from models of natural action selection Michael J. Frank, Anouk Scheres, Scott J. Sherman http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=v1153m417480086j Extending a biologically inspired model of choice: multi-alternatives, nonlinearity and value-based multidimensional choice Rafal Bogacz, Marius Usher, Jiaxiang Zhang, et al. http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=50v10186675418m1 Biologically constrained action selection improves cognitive control in a model of the Stroop task Tom Stafford and Kevin N. Gurney http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=d224283588250646 Agent-based modelling as scientific method: A case study analysing primate social behaviour Joanna J. Bryson, Yasushi Ando, Hagen Lehmann http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=k622m6tx3715lgw3 An agent-based model of group decision making in baboons W.I. Sellers, R.A. Hill, B.S. Logan http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=60v120716201w758 Spatial models of political competition with endogenous political parties Michael Laver and Michel Schilperoord http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/link.asp?id=m0044hqx84g16020